Family law deals with statutes that decide on family-related issues and domestic relations, such that family lawyers represent clients in a divorce and issues related to divorce, like division of marital property, child custody and support, and alimony. Some family law practitioners may, however, develop a particular specialty law, such as adoption law, as this kind of law is still part of family law, which covers adoption and guardianship, juvenile delinquency, child abuse and neglect. In general, family lawyers can also draft prenuptial and postnuptial agreements and litigate related matters or they can represent victims or perpetrators of domestic violence in civil protection order proceedings and can represent clients who are accused of domestic violence, but this time in a criminal proceeding.
A family lawyer’s main functions require his knowledge and training on family law, including developing skills, to perform these tasks: litigate contested matters that fall under family law; must acquire skills in drafting and negotiating contracts, pleadings, legal documents; resolve family-related issues; must develop exceptional, interpersonal skills in emotionally, volatile situations.
Because family-related issues are sensitive cases, family law practitioners are trained to handle these cases: divorce – each partner is represented by their own lawyer to help devise a settlement plan to avoid trial and these are included in the settlement plan: marital property, computation of spousal support, plan for child custody, visitation and support; child custody/child support – any settlement agreements and court orders are connected into the divorce case, but may be revisited by family lawyers when the conditions with respect to child support changes based on the changes of the financial capacity of the non-custodial parent; paternity cases – usually filed by the mother to secure child support from the absentee father, to which family lawyers are also able to handle such cases; adoption/foster care – due to the complexity of such cases, a trained and specialized family lawyer should handle these cases, as there are varied laws on these from state to state.
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It is also the duty of a family lawyer in clarifying complex interpretations of the family law statutes and explaining fully well to their clients what these decrees mean, such as: difference between divorce, which dissolves a marriage, and annulment, which treats the marriage as if it never happened, and the repercussions of each one, including settlements; spousal support/alimony, which is about regular payments made from one spouse to the other either during a separation or after a divorce, and the family lawyer must well-explain the purpose for the said support, which is to recognize the recipient’s spouse contribution to the marriage.
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All family lawyers are trained to employ family mediation in resolving family disputes, such that the lawyer represents the neutral, third party helps the husband and wife iron out their differences and come to reach an agreement with respect to their points of contention, although the lawyer must explain ahead of time that the decisions reached by the two parties may not be legally binding.